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Understanding IslamIntroduction to IslamSome Basic InformationMuslim BeliefsAbout The Qur'aan IAbout The Qur'aan IIHistory of Muhammed (pbuh)History of ProphetsSermons of Muhammed (pbuh)40 AhadithSome Prominent MuslimsThe Holy Qur'aan
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Par Excellence - Islam - List of Topics In Selected Reference

40 Ahadith


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1. Hadith 1

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It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu'minin, Abu Hafs 'Umar bin al-Khattab (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) say, "Actions are (judged) by motives (niyyat), so each man will have what he intended.¹ Thus, he whose migration (hijrah) was to Allah and His Messenger, his migration is to Allah and His Messenger; but he whose migration was for some worldly thing he might gain, or for a wife he might marry, his migration is to that for which he migrated."²

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this in their books, the two Sahihs, which are the soundest of the Musannafs (Collections of Hadith).]

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2. Hadith 2

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Also on the authority of 'Umar (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), rested his knees against his, put his palms on his thighs, and said, "O Muhammad! inform me about Islam." Said the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), "Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity save Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, that you should perform salat (ritual prayer), pay the zakat, fast during Ramadan, and go on Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it)." Said he, "You have spoken truly." We were astonished at his thus questioning him and telling that he was right, but he went on to say, "Inform me about Iman (faith)." He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in predestination (qadr), both in its good and in its evil". He said, "You have spoken truly." Then he (the man) said, "Inform me about Ihsan". He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you". He said, "Inform me about the Hour". He (the Messenger of Allah) said, "About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner." So he said, "Well, inform me about the signs thereof (i.e. of its coming)". Said he, "They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress, that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings". Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Messenger of Allah) said, "O 'Umar, do you know who that was?" I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know better." He said, "That was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion."
[Muslim relates this.]

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3. Hadith 3

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On the authority of Abul 'Abd al-Rahman 'Abdullah bin 'Umar bin al-Khattab (radiyallahu 'anhuma)¹ who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) say: "Islam has been built upon five things - on testifying that there is no god save Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performing salat (ritual prayer); on giving the zakat; on Hajj to the House; and on fasting during Ramadan."
[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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4. Hadith 4

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Abu 'Abd al-Rahman 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), the most truthful, the most trusted, told us, "Verily the creation of any one of you takes place when he is assembled in his mother's womb; for forty days he is as a drop, then he becomes a clot, in the same way, and then, in the same way, a mass. Then an angel is sent to him, who breathes the ruh (spirit) into him.¹ Four words of command are given to this angel, viz., that he write down his provision (rizq), his life-span, his deeds, and whether he will be among the wretched or the blessed (at Judgement). By Allah - there is no deity but He - one of you may work the works of the people of the Garden till there is naught but an arm's length between him and it, when that which has been written will outstrip him so that he works the works of the people of the Fire; one of you may do the works of the people of the Fire, till there is naught but an arm's length between him and it, when that which has been written will overtake him so that he works the works of the people of the Garden and enters therein. "²

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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5. Hadith 5

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It is narrated on the authority of the Mother of the Believers, Umm 'Abdullah 'A'ishah (radiyallahu 'anha) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Whosoever introduces into this affair of ours (i.e. into Islam) something that does not belong to it, it is to be rejected."

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

According to the version in Muslim, (it reads): "Whosoever works a work which has for it no command of ours is to be rejected."

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6. Hadith 6

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On the authority of Abu 'Abdullah al-Nu'man bin Bashir (radiyallahu 'anhuma) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) say, "Truly, what is lawful is evident, and what is unlawful is evident, and in between the two are matters which are doubtful which many people do not know. He who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and honour blameless, and he who indulges in doubtful things indulges in fact in unlawful things, just as a shepherd who pastures his flock round a preserve will soon pasture them in it. Beware, every king has a preserve, and the things God has declared unlawful are His preserves.¹ Beware, in the body there is a piece of flesh; if it is sound, the whole body is sound, and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt, and behold, it is the heart."

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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7. Hadith 7

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It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ruqayyah Tamim bin Aus al-Dari (radiyallahu 'anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Religion is nasihah".¹ (Upon this) we said, "For whom?" and he answered, "for Allah,² for His Book,³ for His Messenger,(4) and for the Imams of the Muslims,(5) and the generality of them" .(6)

[Muslim relates this.]

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8. Hadith 8

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Ibn 'Umar (radiyallahu 'anhuma) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "I have been commanded to wage war¹ on the people till they testify that there is no deity save Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, (till they) establish salat (the regular prayers)² and give the zakat. If they do that they have preserved their blood and their property from me, save that to which Islam has a right, and their reckoning is with Allah, exalted be He."

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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9. Hadith 9

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Abu Hurayrah 'Abd al-Rahman bin Sakhr (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) say, "What I have declared forbidden to you, avoid; what I have bidden you do, comply with as far as you are able. What destroyed those (peoples) who were before you was naught but the number of their questionings and their disagreements with their Prophets."

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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10. Hadith 10

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It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu 'anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Truly Allah is pure. He does not accept but what is pure. Allah commands the believers with what he commanded the Messengers. He has said: O you Messengers, eat of the good things and act righteously (Qur'an, 23:51-53); and He has also said: O you who believe, eat of the good things which We have provided for you (2:167-172)." Then the Prophet mentioned (the case of) the man who lengthens out his journey, who is dishevelled and dusty, but who stretches out his hands to heaven (saying), 'O Lord! O Lord!' (while) his food was unlawful, his drink was unlawful, his clothing was unlawful, and he is nourished with unlawful things, how can he be responded to for that?"¹

[Muslim relates this.]

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11. Hadith 11

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On the authority of Abu Muhammad al-Hasan bin 'Ali bin Abu Talib, the grandson¹ of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) and who are dearest to him² (radiyallahu 'anhuma) who said: I committed to memory from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) (the following words): Leave that about which you are in doubt for that about which you are in no doubt .³

[Al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasa'i related it, and al-Tirmidhi said: It is a good and genuine Hadith.]

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12. Hadith 12

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On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "(Part of) the beauty of a man's Islam, is that he leaves alone things which are no concern of his."¹

[A good Tradition. Al-Tirmidhi relates this and others related it also like this.]

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13. Hadith 13

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Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (radiyallahu 'anhu) who was the servant of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "No one of you (really) believes in (Allah and in His religion) until he loves for his brother what he loves for his own self."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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14. Hadith 14

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On the authority of Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "The blood of a man who is a Muslim is not lawful (i.e. cannot be lawfully shed), save if he belongs to one of three (classes): a married man who is an adulterer;¹ life for a life (i.e. for murder); one who is a deserter of his religion, abandoning the community (jama'ah)"²

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate this.]

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15. Hadith 15

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Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day either speak good or be silent. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day honour his neighbour. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day honour his guest."¹

[Both al-Bukhari and Muslim relate it.]

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16. Hadith 16

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Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported that a man said to the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), "Admonish me!" He said, "Do not get angry." (The man) repeated the request several times, but the Prophet answered, "Do not get angry."¹

[Al-Bukhari relates this.]

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17. Hadith 17

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Abu Ya'la Shaddad bin Aus (radiyallahu 'anha) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Truly Allah has enjoined goodness (ihsan) with regard to everything. So when you kill, kill in a good way; when you slaughter, slaughter in a good way; so everyone of you should sharpen his knife, and let the slaughtered animal die comfortably."

[Muslim relates it.]

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18. Hadith 18

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Abu Dharr Jundub bin Junadah al-Ghifari and Abu 'Abd al-Rahman Mu'adh bin Jabal (radiyallahu anhuma) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Fear Allah wheresoever you may be; follow up an evil deed by a good one which will wipe (the former) out, and behave good-naturedly to people."

[Al-Tirmidhi relates it, saying: It is a good (hasan) Tradition. In some copies he says: It is a good and genuine (hasan and sahih) Hadith.]

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19. Hadith 19

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Abu al-'Abbas 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (radiyallahu 'anhuma) reported: I was behind the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) when he said, "O young man, I will teach you some words (of wisdom). Keep Allah in mind, He will preserve you. Keep Allah in mind, you will find Him in front of you. If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah. And if you must seek help, seek help from Allah.¹ Know that even if the (whole) community is united to (do something to) benefit you in any matter, they would not benefit you in ought save what Allah has written for you, and even if they were united to harm you in any matter they would not harm you in ought save what Allah has already written for you. The pens had been lifted and the pages were dry."

[Al-Tirmidhi relates this and says: It is a good, genuine Hadith.]

According to a line of transmission other than that of al-Tirmidhi (it reads):

"Keep Allah in mind and you will find Him in front of you. Get acquainted with Allah in days of ease and He will know you in days of distress. Know that what missed you could not have hit you, and what hit you could not have missed you. Know that victory comes with patience, relief follows distress, ease follows hardship."²

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20. Hadith 20

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Abu Mas'ud 'Uqbah bin 'Amr al-Ansari al-Badr,¹ (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Among the things that people have found from the words of the earlier prophecy was: 'If you have no shame, do whatever you wish."'

[Al-Bukhari relates it.]

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21. Hadith 21

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On the authority of Abu 'Amr, though others call (him) Abu 'Amrah Sufyan bin 'Abdullah (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: I said, "O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about Islam which I could not ask anyone about save you". He answered, "Say: 'I believe in Allah,' and then be steadfast (in accordance with such a profession)."

[Muslim relates this.]

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22. Hadith 22

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Abu 'Abdullah Jabir bin 'Abdullah al-Ansari (radiyallahu anhuma) reported that a man questioned the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) saying, "Do you see, if I pray the prescribed (prayers), fast during Ramadan, allow myself what is lawful and forbid what is forbidden,¹ but do nothing more than that, shall I enter the Garden?" He (the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) answered: "Yes."

[Muslim relates this.]

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23. Hadith 23

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On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin 'Asim al-Ash'ari (radiyallahu 'anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, "Being purified¹ (clean) is half of faith; saying 'Alhamdulillah' (Praise be to God) fills the scales; and saying 'Subhanallahi wa 'l-hamdulillahi' (Exalted be God and Praise be to God),² fill or fill the space between the heavens and the earth; salat (prayers) is a light;³ Sadaqah is a proof (of sincere faith);(4) patience (Sabr) is a shining glory,(5) the Qur'an is a plea (an argument) for you or against you.(6) All men rise at morn and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves."(7)

[Muslim relates it.]

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24. Hadith 24

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It was related on the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (radiyallahu 'anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said, of what he related from his Lord, magnified and exalted be He, Who said: "O My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another. My servants, all of you are liable to err except one whom I guide on the right path, so seek right guidance from Me so that I should direct you to the right path. O My servants, all of you are hungry (needy) except one whom I feed, so beg food from Me, so that I may give that to you. O My servants, all of you are naked (need clothes) except one whom I provide garments, so beg clothes from Me, so that I should clothe you. O My servants, you commit error night and day and I am there to pardon your sins, so beg pardon from Me so that I should grant you pardon. O My servants, you can neither do Me any harm nor can you do Me any good. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and even the whole of human race of yours, and that of Jinns even, become (equal in) God-conscious like the heart of a single person amongst you, nothing would add to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole of the human race of yours and that of Jinns too in unison become the most wicked (all beating) like the heart of a single person, it would cause no loss to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole human race of yours and that of Jinns also all stand in one plain ground and you ask Me and I confer upon every person what he asks for, it would not, in any way, cause any loss to Me (even less) than that which is caused to the ocean by dipping the needle in it. My servants, these deeds of your which I am recording for you I shall reward you for them, so he who finds good should praise Allah and he who does not find that should not blame anyone but his ownself.

[Muslim related this.]

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25. Hadith 25

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Abu Dharr (radiyallahu 'anhu) reported that some of the people from among the companions of the Apostle of Allah (sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) said to him, "Messenger of Allah, the rich have taken away (all the) reward. They observe prayer as we do, they keep the fasts as we keep them, and they give sadaqah from their surplus riches. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: "Has Allah not prescribed for you (a course) by following which you can (also) do sadaqah? In every tasbih (declaration of the glorification of Allah i.e. saying Subhanallah) there is a sadaqah, every takbir (i.e. saying Allahu Akbar) is a sadaqah, every tahmid (praise of Him saying Alhamdulillah) is a sadaqah, every tahlil (saying La ilaha illallah, there is no god but Allah) is sadaqah,¹ enjoining of good is a sadaqah, forbidding of that which is evil is a sadaqah, and in man's sexual intercourse (with his wife) there is a sadaqah." They (the companions) said, "Messenger of Allah, is there reward for him who satisfies his sexual passion among us?" He said: "Tell me, if he were to devote it to something forbidden, would it not be a sin on his part? Similarly, if he were to devote it to something lawful, he should have a reward."

[Muslim relates this.]

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