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Par Excellence - Islam - List of Topics In Selected Reference

Sermons of Muhammed (pbuh)


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1. The First Khutbah

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"Praise be to Allah. I praise Him; I ask Him help; I ask His forgiveness and I ask His guidance. I believe in Him and I do not disbelieve Him. I make animosity with the one who disbelieve Him. I bear witness that there is no god to be worshipped but Allah, the only One, who does not have any associate. I also bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger who was sent with guidance, light and good advice. He was sent after other prophets when there is deficiency in knowledge, in true information and there is ignorance from people; He was sent where there was discontinuity in historic facts; and He was sent closer to the Day of Judgement and closer to death. Whoever obeys Allah and His messenger is guided, and whoever hates them will err, abuse and lose the straight path.

I advise you to have Taqwa with Allah, and the best advice from a Muslim to another is to encourage him to remember the Hereafter and to command him to have Taqwa with Allah.

Beware of what Allah has warned you about Himself. There is no better advice and no better reminder than this. The Taqwa of Allah is for the one who does deeds with fear and alarm from his Lord so that the person will truly get what he/she needs from the Hereafter. Anyone who improves his relation with Allah in privacy and in public (for the sake of Allah), will have fame and reminiscence in his daily life and a treasure in the Hereafter when a person is in need of every good deed he has done. Anything else he performs has no bearing for him and he wishes to have a far distant relation. Allah warns you from Himself and Allah is indeed sympathetic and gentle with His servants.

It is indeed He who is truthful to His statement, it is He who fulfils His commitment, and there is no doubt about it. Allah says in Surah Qaf: 'The sentence that comes from Me cannot be changed, and I am in no wise a tyrant unto the slaves." (50:29). Therefore let you have Taqwa in your immediate and your late deeds in privacy and in public. Anyone who has Taqwa, Allah will forgive him and redeem his mistakes and will replenish his rewards. Anyone who has Taqwa, Allah will make him to succeed the great success. The Taqwa for Allah will prevent a person from the hate of Allah and the penalty of Allah. It also prevents the person from the anger and the wrath of Allah. The Taqwa of Allah cleanses the faces, pleases the Lord, and raises the rank of the person.

Make use of your fortune and do not transgress the limits of Allah, as it is Allah who taught you His Book and paved His path for you so that He knows the truthful from the liars. Do well in the same way that Allah has done good for you. Be unfriendly to the enemies of Allah. Striving in the path of Allah is the best Jihad. It is He who selected you; it is He who called you Muslims; when a catastrophe strikes you, it destroys you with clear proof, and when you live, you live happily with clear proof. There is no power except that of Allah.

Increase the remembrance of Allah. Do good deeds for the future day. Anyone who improves his relation with Allah, Allah suffices him whatever was between him and the people. It is Allah who judges people and they can not judge Him; it is He who possesses people, and they cannot possess Him.

Allah is the great and there is no power except in Allah the great."

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2. Sermon at Tabuk

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Well, verily the most veracious discourse is the Book of Allah. The most trustworthy handhold is the word of piety. The best of the religions is the religion of Ibrahim. The best of the precedents is the precedent of Muhammad. The noblest speech is the invocation of Allah. The finest of the narratives is this Qur'an. The best of the affairs is that which has been firmly resolved upon. The worst in religion are those things which are created without sanction. The best of the ways is the one trodden by the Prophets. The noblest death is the death of a martyr. The most miserable blindness is waywardness after guidance. The best of the actions is that which is beneficent. The best guidance is that which is put into practice. The worst blindness is the blindness of the heart.

The upper hand is better than the lower hand. (The hand which gives charity is better than the one which receives it.) The little that suffices is better than what is abundant and alluring. The worst apology is that which is tendered when death stares one in the face. The worst remorse is that which is felt on the day of Resurrection.

Some men do not come to Friday prayer, but with hesitance and delay. And some of them do not remember Allah but with reluctance. The tongue which is addicted to false expression is a bubbling spring of sins.

The most valuable possession is the contentment of heart. The best provision is that of piety. The highest wisdom is fear of Allah, the Mighty and the Great. The best thing to be cherished in the hearts is faith and conviction; doubt is infidelity.

Impatient wailing and fulsome laudation of the dead is an act of ignorance. Betrayal leads one to the fire of hell. Drinking amounts to burning. Obscene poetry is the work of the devil. Wine is the mother of all evil. The worst thing eaten is one which belongs to the orphan. Blessed is he who receives admonition from others.

Each one of you must resort to a place of four cubit (grave). Your affairs would be decided ultimately in the next life. The worst dream is false dream. Whatever is in store is near.

To abuse believer is transgression; raising arms against him is infidelity. To backbite him is a disobedience to Allah. Inviolability (and sacredness) of his property is like that of his blood.

He who swears by Allah (falsely), in fact falsifies Him. He who pardons others is himself granted pardon. He who forgives others, is forgiven by Allah for his sins.

He who represses anger, Allah rewards Him. He who faces misfortunes with perseverance Allah compensates him. He who acts only for fame and reputation, Allah disgraces him. He who shows patience and forbearance Allah gives him a double reward. He who disobeys Allah, Allah chastises him.

I seek the forgiveness of Allah.
I seek the forgiveness of Allah.
I seek the forgiveness of Allah.

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3. Khutba on the Day of Uhud

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A battlefield took place next to the mountain of Uhud in the neighbourhood of the city of Madina. The date was during the month of Shawwal in the third year of Hijra.

This khutbah was very important in the history of Islam, and its prominence is very significant in our daily life. Hence, we are including it here.

The Prophet (pbuh) said the following in his khutbah on the day of Uhud:

"O mankind! I wish to command you with what Allah commanded me in His Book: To obey Him in action and to forbid yourselves from committing the unlawful. Today you are in a state of reward and a treasure as to the One you mention His name. When a person has made up his mind, he is to be patient and certain and is to be firm and active. The fight of an enemy is very distressful indeed; and in fact, very few who are to be patient, except those who intend to fight while they are aware of it. Surely, Allah is with those who obey Him; and Satan is with those who disobey Allah. So begin your work toward struggle with patience. Seek what Allah promised you and fulfil that which Allah commanded you. I am keen to guide you. Indeed, division, dispute and discouragement are from incompetence and weakness. Allah does not like this type of attitude and He will not give success.

O mankind! It was put in my heart that whoever was doing Haram, and has shunned it away for the pleasure of Allah, his sins will be wiped out. Whoever says salat on Muhammad will be blessed ten times by Allah and His angels. Whoever does good, Allah will reward him in this world, or in the hereafter. Whoever believes in Allah and the hereafter has to perform Friday prayer on Friday, unless he is a child, a woman, a sick person or a captive servant. Whoever refuses the Friday, Allah dispenses him. Allah is free of all wants, and He is Worthy of all praise.

Any deed that brings you closer to Allah, I command you to do it. Any deed that brings you closer to hell, I forbid you to do it.

The trustworthy spirit (Jibril) reassured me that no one is to die until he receives the maximum of his sustenance without diminishing anything out of it even if it were delayed. Fear Allah, your God; be courteous and general while asking Him for sustenance. Don't commit sins because of His delay to answer your Du'a' as there is nothing to be obtained of what He has decreed except through obedience to Him.

He has shown you the Halal and the Haram. However, there are items that are doubtful where many people can't differentiate them except those who have been protected. Whoever leaves the doubtful things will preserve his honour and his religion. Whoever falls into the doubtful items is like a shepherd close to the fence area where he is on the verge of falling.

There is no ruler without protection; in fact, the shield of protection from Allah is the forbidden ones. The believer to another believer is like the head to the body; when it ails, the whole body comes to protect it. Wassalamu Alaikum."

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4. The Hajj (Last) Sermon and Farewell Pilgrimage

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After the accomplishment of the Call, the proclamation of the Message and the establishment of a new society on the basis of 'There is no god but Allah,' and on Muhammad's mission, a secret call uprose in the heart of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam telling him that his stay in the Lower World was about to terminate. That was clear in his talk to Mu'adh whom he had dispatched to Yemen in the tenth year of Al-Hijra: "O, Mu'adh! You may not see me after this current year. You may even pass by this very Mosque of mine and my tomb." Upon hearing that Mu'adh cried for fear that he would part with the Messenger of Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.

Allah's care was so bounteous as to let the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam see the fruits of his Call for the sake of which he suffered various sorts of trouble for over twenty years. Those twenty years had elapsed actively. He used to spend his last days meeting, at the outskirts of Makkah, members of tribes and their representatives who used to consult him and learn the laws and legislation of Islam from him, and in return he used to exact their testimony that he had delivered trust and communicated the Message and counselled the people.

The Messenger of Allah announced an intention to proceed with this blessed pilgrimage journey himself. Enormous crowds of people came to Madinah, all of whom sought the guidance and Imamate of the Messenger of Allah in the pilgrimage (Al-Hajj). On a Saturday of the last four days of Dhul-Qa'dah, the Prophet started the departure preparations procedure. He combed his hair, applied some perfume, wore his garment, saddled his camel and set off in the afternoon. He arrived at Dhul-Hulaifa before the afternoon prayer. He performed two Rak'a and spent the night there. When it was morning he said to his Companions:

"A comer, sent by my Lord, has called on me tonight and said:

'Pray in this blessed valley and say: I intend 'Umrah combined with pilgrimage ('Umrah into Al-Hajj).

Before performing the noon prayer, he bathed for Ihram (ritual consecration), and 'Aishah Radhiallahu Anha perfumed him on both his body and head with her hand with a Dharira (a plant) and with a perfume containing musk. The thick sticky layer of perfume could be seen among his parts of hair and beard. He left it unwashed, wore his loincloth and garment. He performed the noon prayer shortened, two Rak'a. He proclaimed pilgrimage procedure associated with 'Umrah at his prayer-place. He, then mounted his she-camel 'Al-Qaswa', and proclaimed: 'There is no god but Allah'. When he moved into the desert, he acclaimed the Name of Allah.

He proceeded with his journey till he approached Makkah. He spent the night at Dhi Tuwa and entered Makkah after performing the dawn prayer. He had a bath on Sunday morning, the fourth of Dhul-Hijjah the tenth year of Al-Hijra. He spent eight days on the way, which was an average period. As soon as he entered Al-Haram Mosque he circumambulated Al-Ka'bah and walked to and fro (Sa'i) between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. He did not finish the Ihram (ritual consecration) because he was Qarin (i.e. intending 'Umrah and Al-Hajj associated). He then took Al-Hadi (i.e. the sacrificial animals) in order to slaughter them. He camped on a high place of Makkah - Al-Hajun. As for circumambulation, he performed only that of Al-Hajj (pilgrimage circumambulation).

Those of his Companions who had no Hadi with them to sacrifice, were ordered to observe Ihram (i.e. the state of ritual consecration) into 'Umrah (i.e. lesser pilgrimage), and circumambulate Al-Ka'bah and stride ritually to and fro between As-Safa and Al-Marwah. After that they could relieve themselves from Ihram. They, however, showed reluctance to do what they had been told. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: "Had I known beforehand what I knew afterward, I would not bring Hadi, and if I did not have Hadi, I would break Ihram. On hearing these words, his Companions obeyed the orders to the latter.

On the eighth day of Dhul-Hijjah - that is the Day of Tarwiyah, he left for Mina where he performed the noon, the afternoon, the sunset, the evening and the dawn prayers. - i.e. five prayers. Then he stayed for a while till the sun rose up then he passed along till he reached 'Arafah, where there was a tent built for him at Namirah. He sat inside till the sun went down. He ordered that Al-Qaswa', his she-camel, should be prepared for him. They saddled it and had it ready, so he went down the valley where a hundred thousand and twenty-four or forty-four thousand people gathered round him. There he stood up and delivered the following speech:

O people! Listen to what I say. I do not know whether I will ever meet you at this place once again after this current year. It is unlawful for you to shed the blood of one another or take (unlawfully) the fortunes of one another. They are as unlawful, (Haram) as shedding blood on such a day as today and in such a month as this Haram month and in such a sanctified city as this sacred city (i.e. Makkah and the surrounding areas)."

"Behold! all practices of paganism and ignorance are now under my feet. The blood-revenge of the Days of Ignorance (pre-Islamic time) are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is that of Ibn Rabi'a bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa'd and whom Hudhail killed. Usury is forbidden, and I make a beginning by remitting the amount of interest which 'Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib has to receive. Verily, it is remitted entirely."

"O people! Fear Allah concerning women. Verily you have taken them on the security of Allah and have made their persons lawful unto you by Words of Allah! It is incumbent upon them to honour their conjugal rights and, not to commit acts of impropriety which, if they do, you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. If your wives refrain from impropriety and are faithful to you, clothe and feed them suitably."

"Verily, I have left amongst you the Book of Allah and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger which if you hold fast, you shall never go astray."

"O people, I am not succeeded by a Prophet and you are not succeeded by any nation. So I recommend you to worship your Lord, to pray the five prayers, to fast in Ramadan and to offer the Zakat (poor-due) of your provision willingly. I recommend you to do the pilgrimage to the Sacred House of your Lord and to obey those who are in charge of you then you will be awarded to enter the Paradise of your Lord."

"And if you were to ask about me, what wanted you to say?"

They replied:

"We bear witness that you have conveyed the message and discharged your ministry."

He then raised his forefinger skywards and then moved it down towards people while saying:

"O Allah, Bear witness."

He said that phrase thrice.

The one who repeated the Prophet's Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam statements loudly at 'Arafat was Rabi'a bin Omaiyah bin Khalaf.

As soon as the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had accomplished delivering the speech, the following Qur'anic verse was revealed to him:

"This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." [5:3]

Upon hearing this verse 'Umar cried. "What makes you cry?" He was asked. His answer was: "Nothing succeeds perfection but imperfection.

Bilal called for prayer after the speech, and then made the second call. The Prophet performed both of the noon and the afternoon prayers separately, with no prayers in between. He then mounted his she-camel Al-Qaswa', approached the location of the vigil, directed his face towards Al-Qiblah, kept on standing till sunset when the sky yellow colour vanished a bit and the disc of the sun disappeared. Osamah added that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam moved onward to Muzdalifa, where he observed the sunset and the evening prayers with one 'First call' and two 'second calls'. He did not entertain the Glory of Allah between the two prayers. Then he laid down till it was dawn prayer time. He performed it with one first call and one second call at almost daybreak time. Mounting on his Al-Qaswa', he moved towards Al-Mash'ar Al-Haram. He faced Al-Qiblah and started supplicating: "Allah is the Greatest. There is no god but Allah." He remained there till it was clear morning and before the sun rose high, he made his way to Mina. He walked a little and threaded the mid-road leading to the big Jamrah where he stopped and pelted seven pebbles at it saying "Allah is the Greatest" each time. They were like small pebbles hurled from the bottom of the valley. Then he set off to the sacrificial place, where he sacrificed sixty-three camels with his hands, and asked 'Ali to slaughter the others, a hundred and thirty-seven altogether. He made 'Ali share him in Al-Hadi. A piece of meat from each slaughtered animal was ordered to be cooked in a pot and from which both men ate, and drank the soup.

Then the Messenger of Allah mounted his she-camel and returned to the House where he observed the noon prayer at Makkah and there he came upon the children of 'Abdul Muttalib who were supplying drinking water to people at Zamzam Well. "Draw up water, children of 'Abdul Muttalib, I would draw up with you if I were not afraid that people would appropriate this honour after me." They handed him a pail of water and he drank to his fill.

At the daytime of the tenth of Dhul-Hijjah on the Slaughtering Day (Yaum An-Nahr) The Prophet delivered another speech. That was at high time morning, while he was mounting a grey mule. 'Ali conveyed his statements to the people, who were standing or sitting. He repeated some of the statements that he had previously said the day before. The two Sheikh (Bukhari and Muslim) reported a version narrated by Abi Bakrah who said:

The Prophet made a speech on Yaum An-Nahr (day of slaughtering) and said:

"Time has grown similar in form and state to the time when Allah created the heavens and the earth. A year is twelve months. Four of which are Sacred Months (Hurum). Three of the four months are successive. They are Dhul-Qa'dah, Dhul-Hijjah, and Al-Muharram. The fourth Month is Rajab Mudar, which comes between Jumada and Sha'ban."

"What month is this month?" He asked. We said: "Allah and His Messenger know best of all." He kept silent for a while till we thought he would attach to it a different appellation. "Is it not Dhul-Hijjah?" He wondered. "Yes. It is." We said. Then he asked, "What is this town called?" We said: "Allah and His Messenger know best of all." He was silent for a while till we thought he would give it a different name. "Is it not Al-Baldah? (i.e. the town)" asked he. "Yes. It is." We replied. Then he asked again, "What day is it today?" We replied: "Allah and His Messenger know best of all." Then he kept silent for a while and said wondering: "Is it not 'An-Nahr' (i.e. slaughtering) Day?" "Yes. It is." Said we. Then he said:

"(Shedding) the blood of one another and eating or taking one another's provisions (unwillingly) and your honour are all inviolable (Haram). It is unlawful to violate their holiness. They must be as sacred to one another as this sacred day, in this sacred month, in this sacred town."

"You will go back to be resurrected (after death) to your Lord. There you will be accounted for your deeds. So do not turn into people who go astray and kill one another."

"Have I not delivered the Message (of my Lord)?" "Yes you have." Said they. "O Allah! Bear witness! Let him that is present convey it unto him who is absent. For haply, many people to whom the Message is conveyed may be more mindful of it than the audience,." said he.

In another version it is said that the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had said in that very speech:

"He whoever plunges into misfortune will certainly aggrieve himself. So let no one of you inflict an evil upon his parents. Verily Satan has utterly despaired being worshipped in this country of yours; but he will be obeyed at your committing trivial things you disdain. Satan will be contented with such things."

The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam spent At-Tashreeq Days (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) in Mina performing the ritual teachings of Islam, remembering Allah (praying), following the ways of guidance of Ibrahim, wiping out all traces and features or polytheism. On some days of At-Tashreeq he delivered some speeches as well. In a version to Abu Da'ud with good reference to Sira,' the daughter of Nabhan; she said: "The Messenger of Allah made us a speech at the Ru'us (Heads) Day in which he said: "Is it not this the middle day of At-Tashreeq Days."

His speech that day was similar to that of An-Nahr Day's. It was made after the revelation of Surat An-Nasr.

On the second day of An-Nafr (i.e. Departure) - on the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam proceeded with An-Nafr to Mina and stayed at a high place of a mountain side at Bani Kinanah from Al-Abtah. He spent the rest of that day and night there - where he performed the noon, the afternoon, the sunset and the evening prayers.

Then he slept for a short while and mounted leaving for the Ka'bah. He performed the Farewell Circumambulation (Tawaf Al-Wada '), after ordering his Companions to do the same thing.

Upon the accomplishment of his religious rituals he quickened his move to the purified Madinah. He went there not to seek rest but to resume the strife and struggle in the way of Allah.